Hazard Mitigation/Emergency Management Overview

What Is Hazard Mitigation?

Hazard Mitigation is defined as any action taken before, during or after a disaster to eliminate or reduce the long-term risk to human life and property.

What Is Emergency Management?

Emergency Management is the field of dealing with emergencies, especially large human-caused or natural disasters. The field is usually broken into four phases: mitigation, preparedness, response and recovery.

Hazard Mitigation Planning

The Robert T. Stafford Act, Section 404, allows the Federal Emergency Management Agency (FEMA) to provide hazard mitigation assistance. The Disaster Mitigation Act of 2000 amended the Stafford Act to require communities to have a Hazard Mitigation Plan approved in order to receive funding assistance from FEMA. To facilitate the preparation of Hazard Mitigation Plans, FEMA established the Hazard Mitigation Grant Program (HMGP). FEMA provided money to the Emergency Management Division of the Michigan Department of State Police (EMD/MSP), which in-turn provides assistance to counties and major municipalities for plan preparation. Communities needed to have a plan adopted by 2004 in order to access financial assistance from FEMA.

CUPPAD Is In The Process Of Applying For Funding From FEMA To Update County Hazard Mitigation Plans For Alger, Delta, Menominee And Schoolcraft Counties.

What Is A Hazard Mitigation Plan?

A hazard mitigation plan:

  • Identifies, analyzes and prioritizes hazards in the county (severe weather, tornadoes, fires, hazards materials incidents, etc.)
  • Strives to reduce the significant Impact of hazards on people and property through the coordination of resources, programs, and authorities.
  • A significant impact is the cost associated with disasters (business closures, injuries 
or loss of life, claims of community liability, interruption of essential services, higher
insurance rates, etc.). The plan will help to reduce these costs to a community.
  • Local units of government must either create a plan or participate in the county’s plan to be eligible for future grant funding.

Related Links:

ESRI/FEMA Online Hazard Mapping

FEMA Homepage

Homeland Security


For more information on Hazard Mitigation planning, contact Peter VanSteen or Richard Smith.

The CUPPAD Region

Click the map below to pull up county-specific information and resources.